If it’s your first time growing a vegetable garden then you need to learn how to grow radish for the perfect finishing touch on your homegrown salad. Radishes are one of the easiest root vegetables to grow which makes them the perfect project for a first time gardener.
Radishes are cultivated and consumed all over the world, and they are mostly eaten raw. They are crunchy when bitten and its leaves can be cooked like spinach. Radishes have gotten a bad rep from people who don’t enjoy the spiciness of the classic round red radish. The world of radishes isn’t limited to that one red bulb (which I happen to think is delicious). There are a variety of different sizes, colors, and flavor profiles to choose from. Once you learn how to grow radishes they will easily become a staple in your vegetable garden every year.
Radish is an annual or biennial plant in the Brassicaceae family. They are grown throughout the entire year and they come in several varieties of colors such as red, white, purple, yellow, and green. The flesh of the radish when harvested at the right time is crisp, crunch, and sweet, but it becomes bitter and tough if it is left in the ground for too long.
Today we’re going to discuss all the tips you need to start growing your own radishes. When you are done here you will know everything you need to get started. We will be answering important questions. Such as:
- Can you grow radishes in your garden?
- How to grow radishes from seed indoors
- What are the requirements for growing radish?
- How often should I water radishes?
- How to harvest radishes
Get your gardening gear ready! This root vegetable is so easy to grow you’ll want to start right away.
Can You Grow Radishes In Your Garden?
Yes, you can and you absolutely should grow radishes in your garden! Radishes are a very versatile root vegetable to grow. They are the perfect filler plant for any bare patches in your garden since they don’t require very much room to grow.
Radishes also don’t take very long to grow. It usually takes them 22-30 days or 42 – 49 days if they are grown in cold weather until they are ready to harvest. This means that you can plant radishes various times throughout the growing season to keep them coming all summer long.
How To Grow Radishes From Seeds Indoors
Radishes should be planted directly in the soil that you plan to grow them in, so starting radish seed indoors to later put in the garden is not a good idea. However, since radishes aren’t very big they do very well growing in containers which makes them very easy to grow indoors as well. The container that they are grown in needs to be at least 6 inches deep.
When planting radishes seeds there are a few things you should know in order to have healthy plants. Make sure you plant the seeds in soil that is moist and on the cooler side. The seeds should be 1 inch apart from one another and approximately 1-4 inch deep. You will have better results if you lay the seeds down and sprinkle soil on them instead of burying them.
What Are The Requirements For Growing Radish?
This delicious root vegetable requires very little maintenance. As mentioned above, when planting seeds in a container make sure they are 1 inch apart and ¼ inch deep, this same rule applies for planting the seeds in your garden outdoors.
Since radishes like cool soil they can be started in early spring or in autumn. You can plant them as soon as the soil has reached 40 degrees fahrenheit. The seeds will start to germinate within 3-10 days of planting where you will see little green sprouts appear. Once these appear, thin them out to be only 2 inches apart. In warmer climates, radishes are planted in the fall season.
Radishes require a decent amount of sun exposure or else you will get big green tops with teeny tiny bulbs. You don’t want to plant them somewhere where they will get too much sun though because the radishes will turn to seed. Pick a location with partial shade.
When planting your radish in the outdoors, you may want to bury them ½ inch deep and 1 inch apart. Your radish also is an excellent companion plant for many other crops because its pungent smell deters some species of bugs and pests. Plant them alongside lettuce, peas, cucumbers, carrots, and cabbages.
The soil needs to be rock free so your radishes have room to grow. The radish bulbs grow underground so you don’t want anything to block them, but for in late seasons the ideal soil is clayey-loam soil. They also need to be planted in well draining soil and sandy loams.The ideal PH balance of the soil should be 7.4 to avoid any fungus that would damage the roots. To know your soil’s pH level, consider using a pH level kit to measure it. You can purchase some pH testing kits via online or in your local agricultural store. To raise the pH level, add some lime into the soil. You may also organic compost to improve the quality of your radish.
One thing to keep in mind about how to grow radish is if you keep your plant healthy it is less likely to attract pests.
How Often Should I Water Radishes?
If your radish plants get too much water they will have a bitter and woody taste to them. To avoid this issue only give them 1 inch of water per week. This is why people who constantly forget to water their plants love radishes. It’s not hard to keep up with their feeding schedule. If you neglect watering your radish, it will cause them to grow slowly and cause it to reduce the quality of the taste of the radish.
Another way to ensure that you only water your radish adequately, is to continually check on how moist the soil is. Use your hand to feel how moist the soil is to the touch, and if it feels dry to your hand then add some more water to the soil. Watering adequately and evenly will result in quick growth. If watered unevenly like for example letting the soil dry then soaking them too much will cause the radish to crack.
How To Harvest Radishes?
Once your radish is fully mature the harvest process is very simple. You will want to make sure you don’t let them sit in the ground too long once they are ready to harvest or else they will start to spoil underground. When a radish spoils it has a spongy texture that just isn’t edible. If harvested at the right time, they are crunchy, crisp, and sweet to the mouth.
To check if your radish is ready to harvest take a look at it’s root underneath the greens. If the root is 1 inch in size in diameter, then your radishes are ready to be harvested. You can check this by scraping away the soil at the top of the root to take a look. If they aren’t quite ready yet you should make a habit of checking frequently since they mature rapidly.
Getting your radishes out of the ground is so easy. Simply grasp the base of the green top and pull your bulbs out of the ground. You may have to wiggle them a bit to get them out of there. If you don’t have immediate plans to consume your radish, then simply store them in the refrigerator. Your radish would rot faster in the soil compared to storing them in your refrigerator.
After harvesting the radishes, cut off the green leaves using a knife, shears or scissor. If you want, you can save the green leaves for later consumption. Just make sure that they are cleaned in cool running water and stored in some resealable plastic bags in the refrigerator.
Make sure you pull the last of your radishes out of the ground before it freezes. Although they do like cool soil, they will not last in freezing temperatures.
Radishes are an excellent choice for a new gardener or even someone who enjoys gardening, but doesn’t have time in their schedule for high maintenance plants. Now that you have learned how to grow radish which type will you choose to grow? If you don’t enjoy the spicy red ones I highly recommend daikon for a nice milder flavour. Daikon is a delicious addition to a healthy garden salad.